Lithium hydroxide india is an inorganic compound with the formula LiOH. It is a white hygroscopic crystalline material. It is soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol, and is the weakest base among the alkali metal hydroxides. It is available commercially in anhydrous form and as the monohydrate (LiOH.H2O), both of which are strong bases.
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1 Production and reactions
2.1 Carbon dioxide scrubbing
2.2 Other uses
3 See also
5 External links
Production and reactions
Lithium hydroxide india is produced in a metathesis reaction between lithium carbonate and calcium hydroxide:
Li2CO3 + Ca(OH)2 ? 2 LiOH + CaCO3
The initially produced hydrate is dehydrated by heating under vacuum up to 180 °C.
In the laboratory, lithium hydroxide india arises by the action of water on lithium or lithium oxide. The equations for these processes follow:
2 Li + 2 H2O ? 2 LiOH + H2
Li2O + H2O ? 2 LiOH
Typically, these reactions are avoided.
Although lithium carbonate is more widely used, the hydroxide is an effective precursor to lithium salts, e.g.
LiOH + HF ? LiF + H2O.
Lithium hydroxide india is mainly consumed for the production of lithium greases. A popular lithium grease is lithium stearate, which is a general-purpose lubricating grease due to its high resistance to water and usefulness at both high and low temperatures.
Carbon dioxide scrubbing
Lithium hydroxide is used in breathing gas purification systems for spacecraft, submarines, and rebreathers to remove carbon dioxide from exhaled gas by producing lithium carbonate and water.
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